How to write creative copy for e-commerce that converts – a Forrist case study


  • Project management, client relations: Réka
  • QA, conversion copywriting testing, editing: Sabine
  • Creative lead, conversion copywriting, SEO strategy: Julia


We crafted creative conversion copy and a verbal identity for the UK’s first plant-based, packaging-free online shop, Forrist. Given that we’re a sustainable copywriting agency, this was our idea of a dream project. Almost everyone on the team had a part to play in the process, which involved brand writing, conversion copywriting, UX consulting and SEO strategy.

About Forrist

The client’s aim was to create a Waitrose in zero-waste form: an online and bricks-and-mortar supermarket where everything is plant-based and plastic-free. That way customers can get all their shopping in one place, from household goods to groceries and beauty items.

The team at Forrist already had stunning graphics and a great concept. But they were struggling to create their verbal brand identity and convey their message in an authentic way that would turn window shoppers into paying customers. They screened a lot of agencies and copywriters, looking for people who truly “got” sustainability. The team found From Scratch via our ProCopywriters profile and knew from our background that we were a good fit.



As with all our projects, this one began with research – specifically, mining voice-of-customer (VOC) data. Since this was a new venture with no previous customers to interview, we looked to reviews of similar online stores and services.

They yielded interesting results. Customers cited different benefits to the ones that Julia, the creative lead for this project, had brainstormed. It was a prime example of why we always use research, rather than assumptions, to guide our copy.

For example, the topics — and, in fact, the specific words — ‘convenience’ and ‘affordability’ came up again and again. Message mining also showed that ‘everything in one place’ was a common theme, as was quick delivery.

This directed the messaging hierarchy and is why the H2 includes “for all your organic essentials”. We made sure ‘convenience’ and ‘affordability’ were addressed above the fold with “Choose the amount you need” and reference to next-day delivery, almost like a ‘reasons to believe’ bar. The aim being to reassure the reader and show them straight away that Forrist matched up to what they were looking for in an online zero-waste shop.

track changes explaining how message mining directed the message hierarchy
Research in action: the messaging hierarchy on the home page was defined by message mining

If research was the foundation stone of this project, verbal identity was the framework that we built around it to form a cohesive brand.

Verbal identity

We started off by creating a tone of voice and guidelines for how the brand would communicate. And we made sure to infuse this throughout the website, including in the FAQ copy, as in the Returns section below.

As Julia explained in one of our newsletter emails, the FAQ section is one that’s often neglected. And failure to weave in the tone of voice here can make brands seem inconsistent at best and hard to understand or untrustworthy at worst.

Returns section of Forrist FAQ page written in brand tone of voice
Personality isn’t just for the home page: we injected tone of voice throughout the site, including in the FAQs

The challenge was in striking the right balance – making sure the voice was consistent but not overdone. When the tone is personable, witty and no-nonsense, you can risk pushing it too far or copycatting brands like Innocent.

We added nods to Forrist’s more playful side on the home page:

Examples of personification and brand tone of voice in website copy for a zero waste shop
Forrist unveils its playful side with personification descriptions on the homepage: “Some of our products like to go nude”

A key element to Forrist’s ethos is their ‘learning in the open’ mentality that welcomes people to get started on their zero waste journey without worrying about it being perfect. We injected this down-to-earth personality into the hero section. Time reports that on average, you only have 15 seconds to engage a reader online, so first impressions and grabbing their interest early on helps.

Down to earth tone of voice in the hero section of a zero-waste website
Just as with its products, Forrist doesn’t hide its personality behind any kind of packaging: what you see is what you get

We also brought their Jobs section to life (almost literally) by sowing forest and plant metaphors throughout the page to play on their brand name.

Extended tree metaphor in brand writing on the Jobs page of an online zero-waste shop
How we played on the concept of forests to bring brand writing to life: “Our root and branch approach to values and work ethic”; “At our core is sustainability”, “it’s the trunk holding the Forrist together”; “Just as trees need a protective layer of bark, in the Forrist, we rely on hygiene standards to keep our staff and customers healthy”; “Where there’s a flourishing Forrist, there’s always blossom”.

Copywriting duo

An integral part of our copywriting projects is working as a duo – a copywriter-and-editor team. On this project, Julia (hey there, so weird to write about myself in the third person) was the creative lead. This meant she researched and used creative writing exercises to craft the first draft. Sabine would then edit the copy following the Copyhackers proofreading-for-conversion method. She also tested the copy to evaluate how well it converted and created wireframes to check how it worked in action.

In fact, the hero section went through different iterations as we ran it through Five Second Tests. This part of the website posed a number of challenges.

The first being that Forrist has many unique selling points (USPs), and we only had a few words in which to get the meaning across.
The second issue we were conscious of was not sacrificing clarity for style and uniqueness. We wanted it to be clear exactly what Forrist was — both for ranking purposes and for people landing on the site.

Following various rounds of feedback from Five Second Test users, we altered the hero section until we had three headlines and subheads that communicated the primary message clearly every time.

For example, this version didn’t perform very well:

One of the first versions of the hero section that we tested on the Forrist website
The H1 “Buy organic. Eat plants. Reduce waste” didn’t test well

But these options were both memorable and clear:

The H1 “The online plastic-free supermarket” and the text underneath “We’re the UK’s first online supermarket where everything is organic and plant-based –  and almost everything is compostable or reusable. (We’re working on the other 2%.)
The H1 “The online plastic-free supermarket” and the text underneath “We’re the UK’s first online supermarket where everything is organic and plant-based –  and almost everything is compostable or reusable. (We’re working on the other 2%.)

One of the hero sections that tested as memorable and clear
One of the H1s that tested well: “Sustainable shopping made convenient”

More hero copy that came back from Five Second Tests as memorable and clear
Documenting the testing process: the H1 that we eventually used: “The online plant-based supermarket”

SEO and UX

Given our process so far, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that our SEO copywriting also starts with research. After doing keyword analysis and auditing competitor sites, we had our keywords to use in the seven main places.

In case you’re wondering, that’s in

  1. the page titles,
  2. the meta descriptions,
  3. the first 100 words on the page,
  4. a few other times on the page,
  5. the H1,
  6. the H2s if it’s not possible in the H1, and in
  7. image names.

We included these in the copy file in a plug-and-play format for the Forrist design team.

While there was no audit to run on the Forrist site as it was still being built, we could offer advice on UX and SEO practices. The misconception is that SEO is purely about making your site search engine-friendly. But this should never come at the expense of usability. In fact, we like to think of it as human first, Google second. We treat it as a human-centric practice that, when done right, also keeps the search engines happy.

Now that Google index is mobile-first, it’s even more important that sites are easy to use on other devices. We made sure to test the Forrist site on mobile and flag up tech issues we found. To reduce bounce rate and improve dwell time, we also offered advice on design for readability and accessibility, sliders as well as menu structure.

Overall results

Forrist set up, launched and flourished during a global pandemic. And they continue to expand their product range as demand increases.

Want to take a closer look? Here’s what we delivered:

The finished Forrist home page, which shows the copy that we tested and optimised in the client’s Shopify theme
The finished home page

Image of zero-waste meal of chickpeas and salad on bread with a description of the types of food stocked at Forrist store
“Everything you need in one place”: home page descriptions leading to the different shop categories

Image of a chopped avocado next to a knife and pumpkin seeds along with body copy that links to the online shop categories
“Buy only what you need”: combining benefits with message hierarchy

Ethos statement we wrote for Forrist that centres customer service, inclusion and intersectional sustainability
Encapsulating the modern approach Forrist takes to zero-waste with an Ethos statement that centres customer service, inclusion and intersectional sustainability.

An example of how to write a great about page for a sustainable e-commerce brand including forest metaphor
Showing the personality behind the brand with an engaging About page customers can relate to

The Forrist team have been beavering away on the site so some pages might look different to when it launched.


We took the lead on opening up the conversation on gender-inclusive language in the menstrual cup description, as we adhere to the Conscious Style Guide.

Using gender-inclusive language in a description of  a free menstrual cup scheme run by a plastic free online shop
An example of gender-neutral product descriptions

But it got us thinking if there was anything else we could do to improve diversity and inclusion within our writing. So we decided to delve deeper into this as part of an in-house unconscious bias workshop with Christian Mappala.

Capture of a Zoom workshop on unconscious bias with four participants on the side and a slide show in the middle on diversity
As well as writing great copy, we also have the best concentration faces: the From Scratch team working on a diversity exercise.

We already collaborate with a lot of service-based businesses in the green sector, but we loved this opportunity to work on a more creative project for a product-based sustainability business. It gave us the chance to flex our superpower muscles, aka be the human Venn diagram for brand writing, conversion copywriting and SEO.

Want these kinds of results for your brand? Book a free consultation today to see if we’re a good fit.

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